this is from the thread darija chitchat, but no native speakers have weighed in yet
i thought i would repost here in the hope someone might see it and comment.
we’re wondering about when to use ka, and when to use ta
what i was taught:
ka- is for what we call in english grammar present continuous, use ka- to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
You are learning English now.
Daba kta3lam langlais
You are not swimming now.
Are you sleeping?
I am sitting.
ta- is for what we call in english grammar present simple, use ta- to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
L9itar tyemchi kol saba7 m3a 8 d sba7
The train does not leave at 9 AM.
L9itar matyemchich m3a 9 d sba7.
When does the train usually leave?
L9itar tyemchi fo9ach normalement?
that’s how i use it, i had to look the english tense names and the examples up on englishpage.com
this is what it says on the moroccan arabic wiki:
“Instead of the prefix ka, some speakers prefer the use of ta (e.g. ta-ne-kteb “I’m writing”). The co-existence of these two prefixes is due to historical differences. In general ka is more used in the north and ta in the south. In some regions like the east (Oujda) the majority of speakers don’t use any preverb (ne-kteb, te-kteb, y-kteb, etc.).”
anything? thank you!!!